The United Nations defines violence against women as any act of gender based violence that results in sexual, physical or mental harm or suffering to women , this includes threats of such acts such as arbitrary deprivation of liberty , coercion whether occurring in private or public life. Violence against women falls in different categories; these may include violence carried out by states as well as individuals. Some of the common forms of violence that are individually perpetrated include domestic violence, rape, sexual harassment, harmful traditional practices among others. On the other hand, violence that is condoned by the state includes sexual slavery, sexual violence, war rape during conflicts, and stoning, forced sterilization among others. According to recent studies from the world health organization from over eighty countries in the world, 35% of women have experienced either intimate partner violence or physical violence. Thirty percent of the women in the world have been in a relationship that they have experienced intimate partner violence.
There are multiple risk factors associated with sexual and intimate partner violence and some of the factors associated with it include lower levels of education, witnessing family violence, harmful use of drug and substances, attitudes that condone the practice among others. The unequal position of women in relation to men has prompted an increase in gender based violence that affects most women. There are health consequences associated with violence against women; they have long or short-term effect on mental, physical, health and sexual condition of the victim. Violence against women can often lead to fatal results such as suicide or homicide in some countries, over forty percent of women that reported sexual based injury is as a consequence of the violence. According to a recent study of 2013, women who had been sexually or physically abused are twice at risk of contracting dangerous sexual related infections such as HIV, syphilis among others when compared to women who have not experienced any violence.
Intimate partner violence during pregnancy has been highly associated with stillbirth, miscarriage, and low birth weight and pre term delivery. All these forms of violence against women can lead to post traumatic stress, sleep difficulties, depression, eating disorders, suicide attempts, and emotional distress. Most of the women who have suffered any kind of violence are likely to suffer from drug and alcohol abuse related problems as a way of dealing with the trauma.
Impact on children
The effects that capsiplex has on the children cannot be measured; the children who are raised in families where violence is prevalent are likely to suffer from behavioral and emotional disturbances. These often detach them emotionally and are likely to do the same to their partners later in life if they do not undergo some kind of therapy and healing sessions.
Sexual and violence against women have an economic and social effect on the society; the ripple effect of this violence affects service delivery and work rate of the victims. Most women suffer from isolation, inability to work, loss of interest at work among other issues. Different organizations and governments are coming up with different methods to prevent and handle the violence; however, the most vital thing to do in order to combat this menace is to enact legislations that address women discrimination, gender equality, and support of women among other cultural reforms.
09 Jun 2014